•   Call Us: +62-21 5658 048
  •   info@prestasi-lubricants.com

Informasi & Berita

Mengenal Berbagai Jenis Pelumas Mesin

Feb 10 2017 Prestasi Lubricants

Sebelum mulai membahas tentang berbagai jenis pelumas mesin, ada baiknya kita mengenal apa fungsi pelumas, atau yang biasa disebut "pelumasan". Pelumasan atau lubrikasi adalah  sebuah proses atau teknik untuk mengurangi gesekan serta keausan atas salah satu atau kedua permukaan yang saling bersentuhan dan bergerak relatif terhadap satu sama lain, dengan memberikan zat pelumas di antara keduanya. Sedangkan bahan yang berfungsi untuk mengurangi gesekan antara kedua permukaan tersebut disebut dengan pelumas.

Secara umum bahan pelumas diklasifikasikan berdasarkan wujud dari materialnya, yakni liquid (cair), semi cair(grease), dan padat. Pelumas liquid sangat kita pahami sebagai pelumas oli dan cukup lazim kita temui sebagai pelumas mesin kendaraan bermotor, gearbox, ataupun sistem lainnya. Pelumas semi liquid lebih dikenal sebagai grease (gemuk) memiliki kekentalan lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan pelumas oli dan memang cenderung lebih "padat" daripada oli. Sedangkan pelumas padat memiliki wujud padat dan dibutuhkan pada kasus-kasus tertentu yang tidak dimungkinkan untuk menggunakan pelumas oli maupun grease.

Mari simak bahasan lebih dalam tentang masing-masing jenis pelumas untuk kendaraan bermotor dibawah ini:

1. Pelumas Cair

Sebagian besar pelumas oli yang beredar di pasaran dan paling banyak penggunaannya terbuat dari bahan dasar minyak bumi. Oleh karena itulah sering kali kita menyebutnya sebagai mineral oil (oli mineral), yakni oli yang berbahan dasar dari minyak bumi hasil tambang (mining). Oli mineral dapat diklasifikasikan menjadi tiga macam yaitu Paraffinic, Naphtenic, dan Aromatic.

Oli parafin sangat baik digunakan pada mesin manufaktur, untuk pelumas mesin industri, serta pada proses produksi industri karet, tekstil, dan kertas. Oli naphtenic lebih cocok digunakan pada kondisi temperatur kerja rendah, terutama untuk pendingin trafo industri, serta pendingin pada proses permesinan. Sedangkan oli aromatik berwarna hitam dan sangat lazim digunakan sebagai bahan seal manufaktur, serta sebagai perekat dan pengencer produksi aspal.

Namun, Pelumas oli mineral memiliki keterbatasan paling besar yakni kurangnya ketahanan terhadap temperatur kerja tinggi. Solusi dari kelemahan tersebut adalah dibuatnya oli melalui proses sintesa sehingga didapatkan oli dengan spesifikasi terbaik sesuai dengan yang dibutuhkan. Pelumas jenis ini biasa kita kenal sebagai oli sintetis, sebab oli tipe ini tidak berasal dari minyak bumi melainkan dari bahan organik maupun anorganik yang melewati proses-proses khusus sehingga didapatkan spesifikasi yang dibutuhkan terutama ketahanan terhadap temperatur tinggi.

Perpaduan antara oli mineral dengan oli sintetis biasa disebut dengan oli semi-sintetis. Dengan campuran maksimal sebanyak 30% oli sintetis, diharapkan akan didapatkan pelumas dengan kualitas tidak jauh berbeda dengan oli murni sintetis, namun dengan harga yang lebih terjangkau. Oli sintetis memang dikenal mahal karena proses pembuatannya yang lebih rumit dibandingkan dengan biaya mengolah oli mineral.

Banyak produk dari Prestasi Lubricants yang merupakan jenis pelumas cair, seperti oli motor, minyak rem, air radiator, dan lain sebagainya.

 

2. Pelumas Semi-Cair (Grease)

Grease, atau yang dalam bahasa Indonesia lebih dikenal dengan sebutan "gemuk", memiliki karakteristik khas, yang membuatnya sangat cocok digunakan pada sebuah sistem mekanis yang hanya bisa dilubrikasi secara berkala, serta sistem yang tidak mungkin dapat dilubrikasi oleh oli. Grease juga berfungsi sebagai sealent untuk mencegah masuknya air atau material lain ke dalam sistem mesin.

Prestasi Lubricants juga memproduksi pelumas semi-cair (gemuk) untuk kendaraan bermotor anda.

 

3. Pelumas Padat

Pelumas padat atau juga dikenal dengan pelumas kering memiliki gaya gesekan rendah. Masing-masing lapisan molekul dapat bergeser relatif terhadap lapisan yang lain hanya dengan sedikit gaya saja. Bahan yang paling banyak dikenal sebagai pelumas padat yaitu grafit.

Grafit banyak digunakan di kompresor udara, industri makanan, sambungan rel kereta, roda gigi terbuka, ball bearing, serta alat-alat perbengkelan. Grafit juga lazim digunakan pada gembok dan mesin kunci. Hal ini dilakukan karena jika digunakan oli untuk melumasi mesin kunci, debu-debu di udara justru mudah menempel dan akan cepat merusak komponen-komponen mesin.

 

Demikian sedikit pengenalan tentang berbagai jenis pelumas mesin. Jika Anda tertarik untuk menjadi distributor oli dan pelumas Prestasi, maka kami siap membantu Anda dengan sepenuh hati.

Silahkan langsung hubungi kami melalui tautan berikut, atau telepon kami di nomor-nomor dibawah ini:

0215658048

081914567889

0852 2456 7889

 

Terima kasih

 

Sumber Referensi

Read 18428 times
Rate this item
(0 votes)

About The Author

2371 comments

  • adidas ultra boost 3.0
    Comment Link adidas ultra boost 3.0 Tuesday, 15 January 2019 18:32

    I happen to be writing to let you be aware of what a fine experience my friend's daughter encountered visiting the blog. She came to find numerous details, not to mention what it is like to possess an ideal coaching character to let the rest without problems comprehend certain complicated subject areas. You actually exceeded readers' expected results. Thank you for churning out those interesting, dependable, explanatory not to mention cool guidance on your topic to Sandra.

  • nike hyperdunk
    Comment Link nike hyperdunk Tuesday, 15 January 2019 18:18

    My wife and i were so fortunate Edward could complete his inquiry because of the precious recommendations he grabbed from your web page. It's not at all simplistic to just possibly be giving out guidance which usually other folks might have been making money from. And we recognize we now have you to give thanks to for that. Most of the illustrations you have made, the simple web site menu, the friendships your site help foster - it is many fabulous, and it is letting our son in addition to the family consider that that concept is enjoyable, which is certainly especially important. Thank you for the whole thing!

  • off white hoodie
    Comment Link off white hoodie Tuesday, 15 January 2019 16:44

    I intended to compose you one little remark to help thank you so much again on your magnificent tips you've discussed on this page. It has been wonderfully open-handed of people like you giving easily what exactly a lot of people might have advertised for an ebook to end up making some profit for their own end, specifically now that you might well have done it if you desired. Those pointers as well served like the great way to comprehend most people have the identical desire much like my very own to know the truth significantly more concerning this problem. I believe there are some more pleasurable situations in the future for folks who looked at your blog.

  • paul george shoes
    Comment Link paul george shoes Tuesday, 15 January 2019 15:27

    My husband and i got really thankful Albert managed to deal with his inquiry from the ideas he grabbed from your own site. It is now and again perplexing to just possibly be handing out guides which usually the others have been selling. And now we know we have got the website owner to appreciate for this. The explanations you have made, the straightforward site navigation, the relationships you can help create - it's got everything spectacular, and it's aiding our son and our family reckon that this topic is interesting, which is unbelievably essential. Many thanks for the whole thing!

  • yeezy wave runner 700
    Comment Link yeezy wave runner 700 Tuesday, 15 January 2019 15:26

    My husband and i have been now more than happy when Jordan managed to do his researching through your precious recommendations he came across using your web site. It's not at all simplistic to just continually be giving freely tips and hints that people today may have been selling. We really keep in mind we have you to thank because of that. The entire explanations you made, the simple blog menu, the friendships your site help instill - it's got most astonishing, and it's really assisting our son in addition to our family feel that that issue is exciting, which is certainly extremely indispensable. Thank you for all the pieces!

  • off white x jordan 1
    Comment Link off white x jordan 1 Tuesday, 15 January 2019 15:10

    Needed to put you this little bit of observation to be able to say thanks a lot as before relating to the great things you have documented at this time. It was so seriously open-handed with you to supply without restraint precisely what a number of us would have advertised as an e book to help with making some cash for themselves, specifically seeing that you might have done it in case you considered necessary. These concepts likewise acted as the fantastic way to be sure that other people have the identical eagerness just as my own to grasp a whole lot more on the topic of this matter. I am sure there are thousands of more pleasurable periods in the future for those who read carefully your website.

  • hermes birkin
    Comment Link hermes birkin Tuesday, 15 January 2019 12:56

    I truly wanted to jot down a simple word to appreciate you for these fabulous guidelines you are posting here. My considerable internet search has at the end of the day been honored with excellent insight to go over with my pals. I 'd tell you that most of us site visitors are very blessed to live in a superb place with so many special people with useful basics. I feel very blessed to have encountered your weblog and look forward to so many more amazing moments reading here. Thank you again for a lot of things.

  • nike foamposite
    Comment Link nike foamposite Tuesday, 15 January 2019 12:53

    I truly wanted to make a brief word to be able to thank you for those stunning guidelines you are placing at this website. My long internet investigation has at the end been paid with brilliant facts to exchange with my family and friends. I 'd state that that most of us site visitors are really endowed to dwell in a superb community with very many special individuals with good tips. I feel really happy to have discovered your webpage and look forward to plenty of more pleasurable times reading here. Thank you once again for everything.

  • vapormax
    Comment Link vapormax Tuesday, 15 January 2019 11:27

    I needed to draft you the very little observation to help give thanks as before over the unique thoughts you've documented at this time. It was so incredibly generous with people like you in giving openly all that most people would have offered for sale as an electronic book to earn some money for themselves, particularly considering that you might have done it in the event you considered necessary. The points also acted to provide a easy way to be aware that most people have a similar fervor like mine to figure out a good deal more concerning this matter. I am sure there are some more pleasurable periods ahead for individuals who scan through your blog post.

  • nike cortez men
    Comment Link nike cortez men Tuesday, 15 January 2019 09:10

    I definitely wanted to write down a quick remark to thank you for some of the remarkable steps you are sharing on this site. My extensive internet research has at the end of the day been compensated with brilliant facts and techniques to share with my colleagues. I would declare that we site visitors are very lucky to exist in a superb community with so many lovely individuals with great tactics. I feel rather fortunate to have used the web pages and look forward to tons of more excellent moments reading here. Thanks a lot again for a lot of things.

Leave a comment

Make sure you enter the (*) required information where indicated. HTML code is not allowed.